Lesson plans help promoted childhood learning and add structure to a child's day. Set aside enough time for the important areas of physical, cognitive, social and emotional development. Incorporating some important components will help you create good lesson plans for infants and toddlers.
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Include activities that stimulate the four stages of development into your lesson plan. Physical development is concerned with the development of motor skills. Include time to practice simple motor skills such as clapping in your lesson plan. Cognitive development is how your infant begins to understand the world around her. Stimulate learning by use of toys. For example, introduce the baby to a teddy bear, explain that it is soft, and rub it against your cheek to demonstrate. Gently rub it on the infant's cheek. Social development is the acknowledgement of others around them. Emotional development is the development of self-awareness and self-confidence.
Schedule time for repetitive activities in lesson plans. After he has learnt to perform a simple task, such as putting a square block into a square hole, give him time to repeat the activity to gain a full mastery.
Add "free play" time into each lesson plan. Let your child explore their world for themselves. They will learn through ordinary play as well as through any planned activities. Respond when they look to you or babble.
Incorporate reading into lesson plans for infants. Even though they can't speak, babies from the age of three months and older enjoy hearing someone read aloud. Read stories to them, and show them the pictures in the book.
Buy a large roll of paper for toddlers. Have them lay down on it and draw around their outline. Ask your toddler to draw clothes and a facial expression on the outline. Toddlers start to understand and express speech between the ages of 18 to 36 months. Familiarise them with words such as "mommy," "daddy," "brother," "sister" and "family." Put pictures of family members around the toddler's outline and write the relevant words next to the pictures. Teach names of body parts using the drawing.
Use educational books to help toddlers develop learning. Ask toddlers questions about the books. They will gain confidence by responding to simple "yes," or "no" questions. Allow them to turn the pages and point to pictures to keep them involved.
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