How to Install a Cast Iron Hand Pump

Written by shanika chapman
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When your well-water-supplied household experiences water outages due to electrical failure, having a hand pump can alleviate any inconveniences related to a lack of water for you and your family. Installation of hand pumps is a straightforward process, but should typically be done with two people. Cast iron hand pumps are preferable as they are very strong, and as such won't be in danger of breaking during use, which can cause injury as well as eliminate access to your well water.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Pliers or socket set
  • 9/16-inch open end wrench
  • ½-inch open end wrench
  • Rope

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  1. 1

    Remove the temporary plug from the hand pump cylinder and use the plastic temporary handle to work the pump up and down a few times until you hear the air discharge from the cylinder, often referred to as "burping."

  2. 2

    Assemble the cast iron pump according to the manufacturer's instructions. Be sure to read all of the instructions prior to beginning to ensure you have proper understanding of the process. You will need the wrenches for this step.

  3. 3

    Insert the long pipe segment into the well, and connect the subsequent pipes until all pipes have been lowered into the well. Tie the rope to the pipes to keep them from falling out of reach down the well, taking care to move the rope up after each addition of pipe.

  4. 4

    Screw the well head onto the last segment of pipe going down the well, then screw it to the well casing itself. Insert and tighten the bolt connecting the pump head to the well head.

  5. 5

    Connect the cast iron well handle to the unit and begin pumping until water is produced. Keep in mind that since the pump isn't yet primed, it may take quite a few pumps to begin water flow, depending on how deep the well is.

Tips and warnings

  • Your local plumbing code may require that a hose bib backflow preventer be installed on your pump as well. Installation of a hose bib backflow preventer may be required by law, so familiarise yourself with this and other local plumbing codes.
  • Have your well water tested before drinking. Some in-home well water systems have built-in water treatment systems, meaning that water from your hand pump could be unsafe to drink.

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