Staining pine can pose an extreme do-it-yourself challenge. If you're not aware of the unique qualities of pine, you can too easily transform a stunning white pine floor into a blotchy mess. Woods such as pine, fir, spruce and alder are all soft woods which mean they have a very open cell structure. Unlike other woods such as oak -- which needs to be constantly sanded to absorb any stain -- pine absorbs tons and tons of stain. However, despite this structural issue, you can still stain a white pine floor successfully.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- 1/4 cup all purpose cleaner
- 1 gallon warm water
- 150-grit sandpaper
- 180-grit sandpaper
- Pine conditioner
- Nylon brush
- Clear finish
Sweep the floor completely, sweeping all the dust and debris into a dust pan. Combine a 1/4 cup of all purpose cleaner in a bucket with 1 gallon of warm water. Dip a mop in the bucket and mop the entire floor thoroughly. Allow it to dry completely.
Sand the pine floor thoroughly with 150-grit sandpaper. Make sure you run the sandpaper across every crevice. Follow with 180-grit sandpaper. Progressing to even finer sandpaper will ensure you get a smooth, glasslike surface on your pine floor. Sweep up the dust with your broom.
Apply a pre-staining wood conditioner for pine along the floor with a nylon brush. Allow it to soak thoroughly into the wood. This will help block some of the pores of the wood so the pine doesn't over-absorb the stain.
Apply the stain gently with a rag. Wait 30 seconds before wiping the excess away. Work in a methodical, circular method until you cover the entire floor. Allow the stain to dry according to the instructions on the can.
Apply a coat of clear finish once the stain has dried completely. Apply the finish with a nylon brush. Be sure not to use too much as you'll get soggy, blotchy patches on your floor. Once the first coat dries, apply a second coat.
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