Unusual noise coming from your Toyota Camry, or even difficulty with steering, can signify a problem with the power steering pump. Replacing the pump is a moderately simple task if you have the proper tools and equipment, but be sure to consult the manual for your model Camry in order to ensure that you purchase the correct replacement power steering pump and that you have the correct type of power steering pump fluid. You could cause serious damage to your vehicle if you refill the power steering pump with the wrong type of fluid.
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Things you need
- Power steering fluid
- Metric wrenches
- Torque wrench
- 10mm Socket
- 21mm socket
- Breaker bar
- Fluid pump
- Catch pan
- Car jack
- Jack stands
Use your fluid pump to remove the power steering fluid located in the power steering fluid reservoir. Your catch pan should be placed directly below the pump, which is underneath the passenger side of your Camry and near the engine.
Loosen the lug nuts with the breaker bar and 21mm socket. Use your car jack to raise your vehicle, then place jack stands underneath the frame in order to add stability and security to your vehicle as you work underneath it. Use your breaker bar and 22mm socket again to remove the lug nuts completely, then remove the front wheel from the wheel assembly.
Use your 10mm socket and ratchet to loosen the two bolts holding the front bumper and apron in place. These two bolts are located near the engine within the wheel well of the front end of the Camry. After removing these bolts, the bumper should come off easily by pulling it towards you and away from the frame.
Use pliers to slide the power steering clamp away from the power steering pump. This will release the return hose from the power steering pump so that it can be removed. Also, loosen the union bolt on top of the power steering pump with a metric wrench, then remove the pressure hose from the pump.
Use your metric wrench to loosen the adjuster bolt of the drive belt on the power steering pump, then remove both the pivot bolt and the two mounting bolts of the pump with a ratchet and socket. Carefully pull the power steering pump away from the engine to successfully remove it.
Position the new power steering pump in the same fashion that the old one was located within the engine well, installing the two mounting bolts and pivot bolt with a torque wrench in order to hold the pump in place.
Replace the pressure hose and reinstall the bolt that holds it in place with the pump using your torque wrench.
Reattach the return line to the power steering pump by returning the hose clamp to the line, securing it with pliers.
Reinstall the drive belt over the power steering pump pulley system, using a metric wrench to tighten it in to place. Then reattach the front bumper and tighten the two bolts which will secure it in place.
Fill the new power steering pump's reservoir with new fluid up to the cold level mark. Remove the catch pan from underneath your Camry and return your wheels onto the wheel assembly. Put the lug nuts in place and tighten them enough to secure them in place. Remove the jack stands, lower your Camry to the ground and then tighten the lug nuts completely. Go for a test ride and check for leaks.
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