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How to Bleed a Tractor Hydraulic Cylinder

Updated February 21, 2017

Air often enters the hydraulics when the lines are replaced or if the cylinder is new. The hydraulic cylinders in most newer models of tractors are self-bleeding. There is a check valve inside the cylinder, and any air is expelled through an overflow system. Running the cylinders through their range of movement should expel the trapped air. If you operate an older model, however, and you are experiencing poor performance in the hydraulics, you may have to bleed the air out of the hydraulic cylinder manually.

Remove the filler nut from the cylinder with the adjustable wrench. Refer to the owner's manual to locate the nut, if necessary. Fill the cylinder with hydraulic fluid. Reinsert the filler nut and tighten it.

Extend the hydraulic cylinder. For example, if it runs a front-end loader, raise the bucket.

Find the bleeder nut and loosen it. If it can't be turned by hand, use the adjustable wrench.

Allow the hydraulic fluid to discharge from the bleeder nut. Once there is no air present in the liquid being emitted, tighten the nut.

Operate the cylinder to check that it functions properly. For example, start the engine and raise the bucket of a front-end loader.

Tip

If you disconnect hydraulic lines, cap them off. This reduces the amount of air that may enter the cylinder. If you must bleed air from a cylinder, it may be a good time to change the hydraulic fluid if it has not been done recently.

Warning

Do not bleed the cylinder after the tractor has been running for a while as the cylinder and the hydraulic fluid may be hot.

Things You'll Need

  • Hydraulic fluid
  • Adjustable wrench
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About the Author

Clayton Yuetter has worked as a professional writer since 1999. His writing has appeared in many journals and websites such as The Milk House, The Country Folks, Progressive Dairyman and Three Times Daily. He received a Master of Arts in writing at the National University of Ireland, Galway.