Plant materials, such as trees, shrubs and vines, are an effective way to hide a neighbour's fence, screen out an unsightly view or provide privacy. Choose plants well-suited to the site. If you have a southern exposure, plant sun-loving specimens that tolerate the heat of the sun. In north-facing locations, use plants that thrive in shady conditions.
Plant climbing vines along the fence that will climb up and cover it. Choose English ivy for sun or shade. Grapevines will bear fruit in full sun but produce only vegetation in partial to deep shade. Flowering vines such as clematis or honeysuckle provide perennial colour, while annual vines such as morning glory or moonflower vine will cover a fence with foliage and produce flowers from early summer until frost.
Hide a fence from view by planting a border of mixed shrubbery in front of it. Plant the tallest varieties next to the fence, with successively shorter types of shrubbery in front of it. For a casual hedge, try hawthorn, lilac, rhododendron, burning bush, forsythia and bridal's wreath.
Screen all or part of a fence with a weeping willow tree, underplanted with flowering perennials or small shrubs that thrive in damp, shady places. Woodland flowers are a good choice, as they bloom early in spring before the willow has leafed out and prefer shade the rest of the year.