How to size a v-belt

Written by tim petruccio
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How to size a v-belt
The V-belt in an engine connects two or more pulleys together to rotate an engine part. (engine with air cooling image by terex from

V-belts have a multitude of functions in the automotive, agricultural and industrial sectors. V-belts can propel a simple machine or intricate parts of a vehicle, such as the water pump, alternator and air-conditioning compressor. Sizing a V-belt for automotive applications consists of taking a combination of measurements to find the total size or number for your application. You can take measurements for V-belt size in less than 30 minutes---even if you have never attempted this project before.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Spool of string
  • Tape measure
  • Scissors

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  1. 1

    Open the bonnet of the vehicle you wish to measure for V-belt fit.

  2. 2

    Run a string with one hand in the exact routing pattern the V-belt will take when installed. Use your other hand to complete the pattern and connect the end of the string back together with the spool of string. Cut the string to the exact measurement you just mocked up on the pulleys.

  3. 3

    Measure the string using a tape measure. Round the measurement to the nearest 1/16 inch. Record your measurement as "V-belt length."

  4. 4

    Measure the width of the span between both sides of one of the engine pulleys. The span across the "V" in the pulleys represents the width of the belt. Round the measurement to the nearest 1/16 inch. Record your measurement as "pulley width."

  5. 5

    Combine the two measurements you have made for the V-belt to determine the V-belt size you will need for your engine.

Tips and warnings

  • Some belt manufacturing companies offer online applications for sizing a belt (see References section).

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