Testicular trauma -- often referred to as broken or ruptured testicles -- is categorised in three groups: blunt trauma, penetrating trauma and degloving trauma. Blunt trauma is when a force strikes the scrotum, which can result in a testicular fracture. According to the Mayo Clinic, testicular fractures develop from a severe blow to the groin or scrotum. Penetrating traumas occur when a sharp object (such as a bullet) penetrates the testicle. Degloving injuries are more severe and result in the shearing of scrotal skin. Athletes are more at risk for testicular injuries, but they can also result from car accidents, workplace injuries and falls.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Athletic supporter/scrotal supporter
- Ice pack
- Pain medication
Try to immobilise the affected area. See a physician immediately. According to Kids Health, if you wait more than six hours to see a physician, complications are more likely to occur within the injured testicle.
Allow your physician to perform an ultrasound of your affected testicle. The ultrasound, along with a clinical examination, will help detect signs of rupture or other damage.
Undergo surgery if damage is extensive. Damaged tissues may need to be removed to prevent possible infection from developing within the testicles.
Take antibiotics prescribed by your physician after your surgery. Wear a scrotal support during the healing process.
Follow up with a medical exam several months after the injury, or as recommended by your physician. The doctor may advise you to have another testicular ultrasound to check the blood flow to the testicle and to look for signs of atrophy.
Tips and warnings
- Watch for signs of infection in the affected testicle, which include continual drainage from the affected testicle, swelling, tissue that is warm to the touch, fever and nausea (which may be accompanied by vomiting).
- Use ice packs on the scrotal area reduce swelling.
- Take warm baths to reduce inflammation.
- Use a rolled up towel for support. Place the towel underneath your scrotum whenever you lie down.
- Take over-the-counter pain reducers or pain medications prescribed by your physician.
- Wear an athletic cup if you engage in sports, if you're a weightlifter or cyclist, or if you engage in any other strenuous activities.
- Make sure that your athletic supporter is the correct size. If the supporter is too large, the testicles will not be adequately protected.
- Don't engage in strenuous activity or play sports until you heal completely and your physician gives you the go-ahead.
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