How to Load Steel Coils on Flatbed Trailers

Written by cody sorensen
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How to Load Steel Coils on Flatbed Trailers
Always follow loading equipment safety guidelines when loading steel coils. (Bobines d'acier image by Alexandre Boucher from Fotolia.com)

Safety is the most important thing to consider while loading steel coils on flatbed trailers. According to an accident report investigation done by the Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program, "On April 13, 2005, a 40-year-old male labourer was moving a 5-feet by 9-inch coil of slitted steel, weighing 2994 Kilogram, when it fell on him. The labourer was in the process of wrapping a chain through the middle of the coil and through a homemade device on the forks of a forklift when the coil tipped over. As the labourer tried to move away from the falling coil, it landed on his left side, breaking his left leg and causing internal injuries."

Skill level:
Easy

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Things you need

  • Crane with load capacity greater than weight of coil
  • Forklift with load capacity greater than weight of coil
  • Chains with load capacity greater than weight of coil

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Slide the forks of the forklift under the steel coil so that the coil is perfectly centred on the forks. Lift the coil a foot off the ground and drive the forklift to the side of the flatbed trailer.

  2. 2

    Place two wood blocks on the flatbed trailer evenly spaced so that the forks of the forklift don't come down on the blocks when the steel coil is being set down. Drive the forklift forward until the coil is perfectly centred in the middle of the trailer from front to back and from side to side. Set it down on the wood blocks.

  3. 3

    Load remaining coils in front or behind the previously placed coil in the exact manner the first was placed, but ensure that the new coil butts up against the first. Inspect the coils to ensure they are all touching one another to prevent forward and rearward movement.

  1. 1

    Place a steel coil cradle on the flatbed trailer centred from front to back and side to side. Position the coil cradle to hold the coil with the eye of the coil facing crosswise on the trailer. Secure the cradle to the trailer with chains and chain binders.

  2. 2

    Use an overhead crane with a coil fork or chain hook to secure the steel coil for lifting. Center the crane directly over the steel coil to be lifted and fasten the chains or the coil fork so the coils centre of gravity is in line with the position of the crane lift. Lift the coil slowly off the ground.

  3. 3

    Lift the coil until it is above the deck surface of the flatbed trailer. Move the crane until the coil is directly centred above the steel coil cradle on the trailer. Slowly lower the crane until the coil rests in the steel coil cradle with the eye of the coil facing crosswise on the trailer. Load each subsequent coil in the same fashion in front or behind the first. Butt them all together to restrict forward and rearward movement.

  1. 1

    Place a steel coil cradle on the flatbed trailer centred from front to back and side to side. Position the coil cradle to hold the coil with the eye of the coil facing lengthwise on the trailer. Secure the cradle to the trailer with chains and chain binders.

  2. 2

    Use an overhead crane with a coil fork or chain hook to secure the steel coil for lifting. Center the crane directly over the steel coil to be lifted and fasten the chains or the coil fork so the coils centre of gravity is in line with the position of the crane lift. Lift the coil slowly off the ground.

  3. 3

    Lift the coil until it is above the deck surface of the flatbed trailer. Move the crane until the coil is directly centred above the steel coil cradle on the trailer. Slowly lower the crane until the coil rests in the steel coil cradle with the eye of the coil facing lengthwise on the trailer. Load each subsequent coil in the same fashion in front or behind the first. Butt them all together to restrict forward and rearward movement.

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