How to Restore Floorboards

Updated February 21, 2017

Wooden floorboards can suffer a great deal of wear and tear from shoes, furniture, heat, moisture and pets. Restoring floorboards is a sure way to revitalise their look and protect them for many more years of use. By sanding floorboards clean of the worn finish and applying a new coat of stain and finish, you can restore your floorboards to their original beauty.

Clean the floorboards of grit and dust with the broom and vacuum.

Sand the floorboards with the vibrating sander and 60-grit sandpaper to remove the worn finish. Vacuum the floorboards clean and sand them again with 80-grit sandpaper. Clean the floorboards with the vacuum and sand them again with 100-grit sandpaper. Vacuum up sawdust before proceeding.

Sand areas of the floorboards that the vibrating sander did not reach, like edges and corners, with the orbital sander and 80-grit sandpaper. Vacuum the floorboards clean of sawdust.

Stain the floorboards with wood stain using a foam applicator. Apply in a manageable area and allow the stain to absorb into the wood before wiping off excess with a clean cloth. Allow the stain to dry.

Apply a thin, smooth coat of polyurethane to the floorboards with a lamb's wool applicator. Apply with long strokes to avoid creating bubbles in the finish. Allow the polyurethane to completely dry.


Work with the grain of the floorboards.


Work in a well-ventilated area' Use eye and hand protection when sanding and staining.

Things You'll Need

  • Vibrating sander
  • 60-grit sandpaper
  • 80-grit sandpaper
  • 100-grit sandpaper
  • Stain
  • Polyurethane
  • Cloth
  • Lamb's wool applicator
  • Foam applicator
  • Orbital sander
  • Broom
  • Vacuum
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About the Author

Hubert Oresco is a writer with over one year of experience. He has written for Demand Studios and several other online clients, including He has a degree from SUNY New Paltz. He lives and works in New York City.