How to measure the volume of a plastic cup

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How to measure the volume of a plastic cup
Use different methods to determine the volume of a plalstic cup. (plastic cups image by bluefern from

Determining the volume of a plastic cup is a simple and fundamental scientific endeavour. Volume measurement is three dimensional and can be approximated with mathematics, or determined more precisely with actual volume measurements, or weight measurements using water and a scientific balance. Using all three methods will give students an idea of how precise or accurate each method is, and provide a basis for understanding scientific measurements.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

Things you need

  • Plastic cup
  • Distilled water
  • Scientific balance
  • Eye dropper
  • Graduated cylinder

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    Math, Volume and Weight

  1. 1

    Approximate the volume using mathematics. Use the equation for a cylinder to estimate the volume. The volume of a cylinder is pi times radius squared times the height of the cylinder. Use an average of the radius at the top and bottom of the cup for estimation.

    How to measure the volume of a plastic cup
    Use mathematics to approximate the volume. (Mathematik image by bbroianigo from
  2. 2

    Measure the volume with a graduated cylinder. Fill the cup to the top with water.

    How to measure the volume of a plastic cup
    Use a graduated cylinder to determine the volume. (cylinder image by Hubert from
  3. 3

    Pour the contents of the cup into a graduated cylinder. Measure the volume to the smallest increment possible on the graduated cylinder. Dump out the water and repeat to determine how accurate this method is.

  4. 4

    Measure the weight of water in the cup. Place the cup on a scientific balance and zero the balance.

    How to measure the volume of a plastic cup
    Measure the weight of water in the cup as accurately as possible. (scale image by timur1970 from
  5. 5

    Fill the cup with distilled water near to the top. Continue adding water with an eyedropper or syringe until it is completely full. Record the weight in grams.

  6. 6

    Determine the volume. Distilled water weighs exactly 1 gram per millilitre. Millilitres is a volume measurement. Convert grams to millilitres 1:1 and you have the volume of the plastic cup. Compare the results from the three different methods to determine which is the most accurate.

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