Paper-cutting arts have been around as long as paper. Different cultures have different names for it, and different styles of execution. In Northern Europe, it is called scherenschnitte. German for “scissor cuts,” it involves cutting symmetrical shapes or silhouettes out of paper and displaying them against lighter or darker colour paper for contrast. Scherenschnitte is easier to do than it is to pronounce, so it can be an enjoyable craft for children and adult paper crafters who like to scrapbook and make cards and other paper creations. With practice, a skilled paper-cutting artist can make elaborate designs.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- Paper-cutting templates
- Typing paper or card stock
- Pencil or chalk
- Self-healing cutting board (optional)
- Swivel-tip craft knife (optional)
- Paper in a contrasting colour
Choose paper-cutting templates you like. They can be found in books, paper-craft magazines, by searching the Internet or you can make them yourself. Look for images and designs with an outline or a shape that you like, such as images in magazines, colouring books, on the cover of greeting cards or in clip art on your computer. Make a copy of shapes you like, print them and cut them out to use as a template. As a general rule of thumb, the fewer the lines and details, the easier the cutting will be.
Fold a piece of typing paper or card stock in half. Lay the template onto the card stock along the folded edge so that when you finish the cutting, the image will be doubled and perfectly symmetrical.
Trace the design lightly with a pencil. Light-coloured pencils and chalk work well on dark-coloured paper.
Cut carefully along the lines of the image with scissors. Alternately, for more detailed designs, lay the paper or card stock on a self-healing cutting board and cut the design with a swivel-tip craft knife.
Discard all the cut-out sections. Open the paper like a greeting card when you’re finished cutting to reveal the design. Lay it on or paste it to a contrasting colour of paper to bring out the design. Once you've learnt how to cut designs, you can frame and display them, use them on home-made greeting cards or add them to scrapbook layouts.
Tips and warnings
- Don't overwhelm yourself. Start with simple shapes, such as hearts and flowers. Work your way up to more detailed, intricate designs.
- Save your templates; you can use them over and over again.
- Some good colour combinations are red and green for Christmas, red and white for Valentine’s Day, or black and white for a classic, traditional look.
- Look into paper cutting arts from other cultures for more ideas.
- Always monitor children using scissors, and never allow young children to use razor-sharp craft knives.
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