Considered hot fruits, chillies (capsicum) are native to South America. Flowering chilli plants produce a variety of different coloured peppers including red, green, orange, yellow and purple, all preferring full sun. Flowering chilli plants thrive when planted in the ground within USDA hardiness zones 4 through 10, or in containers when planted outside of these preferred areas. Adaptable to many different soil types, chilli plants depend on feeding and harvesting to encourage flowering and fruiting.
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Things you need
- Water-based fertiliser
- Soaker hose
- Garden hose
- Seaweed compound
- All-purpose tomato fertiliser
Plant your flowering chilli plant seedlings in the early spring, right after the final winter thaw. Supply the chilli plants with at least 1-inch of water per week using a soaker hose.
Apply an all-purpose, water-based fertiliser to the chilli seedlings at the time of planting. Use a garden hose to moisten the soil and the plants when applying a fertiliser.
Nourish your flowering chilli plants with seaweed compound six weeks after planting up until the time that it first flowers. Apply the seaweed compound according to label instructions. The seaweed compound will help to improve foliage growth before the flowering process.
Feed your chilli plant with an all-purpose tomato fertiliser once it begins flowering and setting fruit. Apply the fertiliser to the flowering chilli plant with every other watering (at least twice a week). Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to determine allocation amounts.
Apply the all-purpose tomato fertiliser to the flowering chilli plants with every daily watering by the time late summer comes. By the end of the summer, your plants will need extra nourishment to continue producing fruit.
Tips and warnings
- Applying mulch around the base of each chilli plant will help the plants retain water and nutrients. Use straw or bark chips for mulching.
- Do not begin feeding your flowering chilli plants with the tomato fertiliser prior to flowering and fruiting or the leaves or the plant will start to turn yellow. Even worse, it could drop its foliage altogether.
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