Rose bushes are some of the most attractive plants around. When they are properly taken care of, they can last for many years, producing beautiful blossoms and fragrance. But if you have a rose bush that is struggling and needs a little, or maybe even a lot, of TLC, you can revitalise your rose bush before losing all hope.
Trim all old and dead branches from the bush using pruning sheers. Proper pruning is vital to the health and longevity of any rose bush. When pruning, cut at an angle, which allows the cut to heal quicker and also allows for better circulation of nutrients throughout the plant. Do not be afraid to do a dramatic pruning, especially if the particular plant has never been pruned before. Pruning for the first time can seem scary, but get into the habit of trimming off all dead rose buds so that new ones can form. Do a major pruning in the spring, midsummer and fall. Also trim all large trees and shrubs around the rose bush that may block the sunlight.
Clear away the dead debris from around the base of the rose bush, such as dead and moulding leaves and grass. Rose bushes, especially large ones, often attract flying debris from the wind. Any rotting leaves and grass or weeds surrounding the bush can block or take nutrients away from the bush. Use a garden rake to gather the debris, and throw it away in a large lawn bag.
Sprinkle rose fertiliser (make sure it is specifically for roses) around the base of the bush before watering. Only use the amount recommended on the label, since every brand of fertiliser is different. Fertilise your rose bush once each week, when you water it. Once your bush is back to a healthy state, fertilise once each month to maintain a healthy plant.
Water the rose bush until the ground is well-saturated. Water is vital to sustaining healthy, vibrant roses. If you live in a hot climate, where temperatures reach above 32.2 degrees C daily, or if the rose bush is south-facing, watering for 15 minutes each day is best. For cooler temperatures and when the rose bush is in a partly shaded area, watering every other day is sufficient.
Some key ingredients to look for in your rose fertiliser are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, along with a pesticide to keep insects away.