The common contagious virus called glandular fever is also known as mono, mononucleosis, kissing disease or EBV infectious mononucleosis. Glandular fever is spread mainly through saliva, thus the "kissing disease" nickname. The most common modes of transmission include kissing and shared beverages, toothbrushes or utensils. There is no specific cure or treatment for glandular fever. In most cases the virus will pass with rest and home care. The most severe symptoms of glandular fever last a few weeks at most, but fatigue may linger for months. Recovery from glandular fever can be aided by paying attention to symptoms and taking steps to support the body as it fights the virus.
Relieve the discomfort of fever with medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Use a light blanket or sheet to cover and a cool compress to keep fever down.
Soothe a sore throat with a warm salt-gargle, throat sprays and lozenges. Eat soft foods, even if there is little appetite. Use a humidifier to keep the environment moist.
Stay hydrated. Having a sore throat may make it uncomfortable to swallow, but it is vital to drink lots of fluids while recovering from glandular fever. Dehydration will slow the recovery process and may lead to unwanted complications.
Continue to eat normally as much as possible. Although there may be little or no appetite it is important to continue to nourish the body through the illness. Consider adding liquid nutritional supplements into the diet if needed.
Get adequate rest and at least 10 to 12 hours of sleep each night. Do not push your body if feeling exhausted or fatigued. Bed rest is important for recovery from glandular fever. Individuals often need to take extended amounts of time off from school or work to recuperate from the illness.
Consider taking a vitamin supplement to support the immune system during the recovery process. Increase consumption of foods that contain vitamin C and zinc to aid in healing and soothe sore throat symptoms. Do not push yourself to do more than you are physically capable of during recovery. Fatigue and exhaustion are your body's way of indicating that it needs rest in order to perform the work of fighting off the virus.
Do not treat a fever with aspirin. Aspirin can cause Reye's Syndrome, a rare but dangerous illness. Avoid contact sports and physical strain for six to eight weeks after the illness. Glandular fever can cause the liver and spleen to be enlarged putting one at a higher risk for injury to internal organs. See a doctor if there is a severe sore throat or a spike in fever. Strep throat, a common complication of glandular fever, must be treated with antibiotics.