How to Treat a First Degree Burn

Written by ehow contributor
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There are three separate degrees by which burns are classified according to severity, including first degree, second degree and third degree, which is the most serious kind. First degree burns are relatively easy to sustain and can be caused by prolonged exposure to sun, chemicals, or sources of heat. Luckily, it's also relatively easy to treat first degree burns.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

Things you need

  • Medicated first-aid spray
  • Aloe cream

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  1. 1

    Remove the source of the burn. Whether it's a chemical, the sun's UV rays, or a source of heat, the first step in the treatment of your first degree burn is to stop any further burn from occurring.

  2. 2

    Run cool, clean water over the burn for roughly 1 to 2 minutes. Not only will this feel extremely good, but it will also cool the area and help to eliminate and continued burning that's occurring.

  3. 3

    Dry the burnt area with a clean towel, gently.

  4. 4

    Apply medicated first-aid spray to the first degree burn. This will sanitize the affected skin and help to alleviate any pain or itching.

  5. 5

    Apply aloe cream to the burn. This will create a cooling effect and keep the skin from drying out too much.

  6. 6

    Leave the burn uncovered and open to free airflow. This will help speed the recovery process and stop infection from taking place.

Tips and warnings

  • Remember, sunburns are technically first degree burns and should be treated as such.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to help mitigate the pain from your burn.
  • Don't attempt to treat a burn yourself if there's severe pain, blistering, peeling, or any other extreme symptoms. In such a case, seek medical attention because you have a more severe burn that can cause serious, even life-threatening, effects.
  • Don't cover your first degree burn with a tight bandage, or a layer of oil or butter. Any of these things may cause a longer healing time and can encourage infection.

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