# How to draw a floor plan to scale

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When painting a room, redecorating or laying new carpet, a room plan drawn to scale is always a useful reference. Drawing to scale, or creating a proportional representation of a particular area, is just a matter of careful measurement and then transferring these to paper.

Skill level:
Easy

• Tape measure
• Graph paper
• Pencil
• Ruler

## Instructions

1. 1

Measure the length and width of the room in question with a tape measure that reads in metres and centimetres. Note measurements on a notepad being sure to include every wall. At this point you can label a small sketch with the measurements or just give each wall a title -- for example, "connecting wall" -- and list them, whatever ever method works best for you.

2. 2

Transfer the measurements on to graph paper using a pencil and a ruler. This means taking each measurement and drawing it on the graph paper using a scale of 1 metre (3 foot) is equal to one square on the paper.

3. 3

Know that length multiplied by width will give the area of the room in square metres. This calculation is a good way of checking that you have filled in the right number of squares on your paper.

4. 4

Include in the sketch any permanent pieces of furniture or built-in shelving or cupboards.

5. 5

Write down the location of all doors and windows in the room, measuring them and drawing them to the same scale on the floor plan.

6. 6

Outline the entire sketch in black ink with the help of a ruler. This provides a clear basic floor plan that is clear and easy to read.

7. 7

Make several photocopies of the floor plan so you can try planning and design the room in several ways. Hold one copy back to save time on later projects.

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