Garden Soil Pests

Written by stephany elsworth
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Garden insects can be loosely divided into two categories. Above-ground pests live above the surface and feed on foliage, while below-ground pests live below the soil surface and devour roots, stems and seedlings. Garden soil pests can extensively damage plants. (see reference 1)

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Types

Garden insects can be loosely divided into two categories: above ground and below ground. Above-ground pests live above the surface and feed on foliage, while below-ground pests live below the soil surface and devour roots, stems and seedlings. Garden soil pests can extensively damage plants.

Effects

Garden symphylans are 1/4-inch long, white arthropods closely related to millipedes and centipedes. They have long antennae and 12 pairs of legs. Plant-parasitic nematodes are microscopic roundworms, while cutworms are the larvae of different moth species. They vary in colour and size depending on the variety.

Control

Control symphylans by applying a preventive insecticide before planting crops. As of 2010, no treatments were available for infested fields and gardens. They prevent nematodes by planting nematode-resistant plants and adding organic amendments to soil to lower nematode populations. They prevent cutworm infestations by rotating crops, adding toads to the garden or by setting poisonous bait traps.

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