Gibbs Model of Reflective Processes

Updated April 17, 2017

Reflective practices are methods you use to look back over past events and attempt to learn from them. Professor Graham Gibbs of the University of Oxford lists six specific steps to in his model of reflective practice that he developed in 1988. These six core steps can be applied to learning situations throughout your life.

Gibbs' Six Steps

Gibbs' six steps are description, feelings, evaluation, analysis, conclusion and action plan. Unlike other models of the reflective process, you should note that Gibbs' model considers emotions and feelings as an important point of understanding.


Gibbs reflective model is supposed to give you a method to look back upon events and learn from them. Reflective practitioners who follow Gibbs' model will have an awareness of their preconceptions and feelings when reviewing life's past events.


You can use Gibbs' model to identify your learning needs to continue your professional or academic growth. The reflection process is popular in the health care industry in particular and is viewed as a way to promote the development of qualified, self-directed professionals.

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About the Author

Melissa Bajorek began writing professionally in 2001. Her work has appeared online, in daily newspapers and on websites owned by Gatehouse Media, in monthly periodicals and for local and regional radio. She writes about a variety of topics, from new technology to animal husbandry. Bajorek has an Associate of Arts in business management from the University of Phoenix and holds certifications in marketing and advertising.