We Value Your Privacy

We and our partners use technology such as cookies on our site to personalise content and ads, provide social media features, and analyse our traffic. Click below to consent to the use of this technology across the web. You can change your mind and change your consent choices at anytime by returning to this site.

Update Consent
Loading ...

Kaufman's Five Levels of Evaluation

Updated November 21, 2016

Training is a vital component for any organisation or business to be successful. Thorough evaluations are needed to determine the most effective training programs and how best to implement them. Kaufman's Five Levels of Evaluation is one such method used to develop both initial and on-the-job training programs. Modelled after University of Wisconsin professor Donald Kirkpatrick's four level evaluation method, Roger Kaufman's theory applies five levels. It is designed to evaluate a program from the trainee's perspective and assess the possible impacts implementing a new training program may have on the client and society.

Loading ...

Level 1- Input and Process

The first level of Kaufman's evaluation method is broken down into two parts. Level 1a is the "Enabling" evaluation, designed to evaluate the quality and availability of physical, financial and human resources. This is an input level. Level 1b, "Reaction," evaluates the efficiency and acceptability of the means, methods and processes of the proposed training program. Test subjects are asked how they feel about the instruction.

Level 2 and 3 - Micro Levels

Levels 2 and 3 are classified as micro levels designed to evaluate individuals and small groups. Level 2, "Acquisition," evaluates the competency and mastery of the test group/individual in a classroom setting. Level 3, "Application," evaluates the success of the test group/individual's utilisation of the training program. Test subjects are monitored to determine how much and how well they implement the knowledge they gained within the organisation.

Level 4 - Macro Level

"Organization Output" is level 4 in Kaufman's method of evaluation. This level is designed to evaluate the results of the contributions and payoffs of the organisation as a whole as a result of the proposed training program. Success is measured in terms the organisations overall performance and the return on investments.

Level 5 - Mega Level

In the final level of Kaufman's method of evaluation, "Societal Outcomes," the contributions to and from the client and society as a whole are evaluated. Responsiveness, potential consequences and payoffs are gauged to determine the success of implementing the proposed training program.

Loading ...

About the Author

Katrina Arthurs began her writing career in 1999. She served as a columnist for the "Edgewood News Herald" then as a reporter and production manager for the "KC Conservative." Arthurs is pursuing her Bachelor of Science in criminal justice at the University of Central Missouri.

Loading ...