Climbing roses aren't natural climbers. They're simply roses that send out very long canes with a tendency to grow vertically. Remember when planting by a fence that roses need six hours of sunlight per day. Once established, vigorous climbers can quickly cover the fence, offering years of enjoyment.
As the rose grows, the gardener will need to screw half-inch O-hooks onto the fence. Wrap a 6-inch piece of gardener's wire loosely around the rose cane and then attach the loose ends to the O-hook on the fence board. This will keep the rose in place.
Climbing roses taller than the fence's height can be trained in a semi-horizontal manner. The canes are flexible and can be bent sideways. This practice encourages more shoots to grow from the bent cane, and as a result, bushier growth with more flowers.
If the fence is made up of open pickets, a rambling rose may be more suitable. It's easy to simply pull the canes through the pickets, and the fence will keep the canes in place.