Preparation for Rectocele Surgery

Updated February 21, 2017

There are many different types of surgery for each part of the body. Some surgeries are simple and routine, while others are complex and require a good deal of preparation before they can be performed. A rectocele surgery is one type of surgery that requires the patient to prepare well before the dawn of the surgery.

What Is Rectocele?

Rectocele is a condition that only affects women. It occurs when the wall of the rectum falls and pushes out through the vagina. Essentially, rectocele is a hernia of the rectum wall. Although this condition occurs for other reasons, the typical reason is changes in bowel movements. For example, if stools become difficult to pass and too much straining is required to pass bowel, this can cause a rectocele. Other activities that can cause such a condition include a difficult labour where the woman must push and strain extremely hard to deliver a baby vaginally. Typically, rectocele occurs in mothers who deliver large babies.

Two Days Before Surgery

The surgery to repair the rectocele from the anal entry route is called STARR. STARR stands for double stapled transanal rectal resection. This surgical procedure requires that your bowel is clean and empty before the procedure. The preparation for this surgery involves changes in food and drink from two days prior to the surgery, as well as special "drinks" that must be consumed, that help to clean out the bowel. The specifics of this preparation regimen are as follows:

Two days prior to surgery, you must consume a clear liquid diet only. You must drink one bottle of magnesium citrate in the morning, and drink a great deal of clear liquids all day long until you go to bed.

One Day Before Surgery

The clear liquid diet should be continued on the day before surgery. At eight in the morning, you should consume one bottle of magnesium citrate. At two in the afternoon add one and a half fluid ounces of Phospho-soda to a four ounce glass of cold water. Mix and consume this mixture.

At five in the evening, if your bowels have not cleared entirely by this time, you should drink another bottle of magnesium citrate. Drink plenty of clear fluids until you retire for the night. Do not eat or drink anything, including water, after midnight of the night just prior to the surgery.

Be aware that this preparation procedure will cause you to have to empty your bowels many times. Due to this, it is essential that you do not let yourself become dehydrated. Make sure you drink plenty of water. You should have no less than 10 glasses of water per day at a measurement of at least eight ounces per glass.

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About the Author

Alexis Writing has many years of freelance writing experience. She has written for a variety of online destinations, including She holds a Bachelor of Arts in communication from the University of Rochester.