Gender discrimination refers to any situation where a person is denied an opportunity or misjudged solely on the basis of their sex.
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Gender discrimination is any unequal treatment based on gender and may also be referred to as sexism. Characteristics of gender discrimination are any situation where a person shows a prejudice towards another that would not occur had they been the opposite sex.
Sexism has historically been enacted most often to the detriment of females, but it can apply to males as well. Gender discrimination can also extend to transgender people.
Gender discrimination can apply most commonly to workplace scenarios, but can also apply to educational rights, in household gender roles and in community and organisation roles.
Most frequently, it involves being denied an opportunity such as a promotion, position, scholarship, credit or a loan. It can also be used to describe receiving or failing to receive a punishment on the basis of gender.
The United States government enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Pay Act of 1963 to combat gender discrimination. A section of the Civil Rights Act was amended in 1978 with the Pregnancy Discrimination Act to protect the interests of pregnant females in the workforce.
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