There are specific signs and symptoms to look for if concerned about mental illness. People may have their own awareness of symptoms, or signs can be observed by friends and family members. If symptoms are noticeable, it is advisable to seek the help of a mental health professional to address problems before significant impairment in functioning occurs.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
Depressive illness can range in severity from mild forms such as dysthymia to major depression. Symptoms of depression included chronic sadness, changes in sleep and appetite, loss of pleasure in activities once enjoyed, frequent tearfulness, loss of energy and motivation. Depression can affect all levels of functioning in school, work or social settings.
Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety
Anxiety is a condition that can range from mild generalised anxiety to severe anxiety associated with disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder or post traumatic stress disorder. Symptoms of anxiety include excessive worry, feeling on edge, difficulties concentrating, muscle tension, difficulties sleeping, irritability and easy fatigue.
Signs and Symptoms of Mania
Mania is a condition that can range from mild forms such as cyclothymia and severe such as full blown manic episodes. Symptoms of mania include inflated self esteem, abnormally high levels of energy, little to no sleep, high risk behaviour such as spending large amounts of money, gambling or increased sexual activity.
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a condition that is relatively common among children and adults. Symptoms of ADHD include difficulties concentrating, being easily distracted, problems listening and following directions, feeling restless, excessive talking and high levels of motor activity in inappropriate settings.
Signs and Symptoms of Psychosis
Psychosis is a condition that can occur episodically as a part of other conditions or can be more chronic in illnesses such as schizophrenia. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations and/or disorganised thinking and communication.