Almost everyone that works with wood will have a belt sander. This tool is often used by carpenters, craft makers and even commercial wood supply companies. Belt sanders are available in different sizes and speed up the woodworking process. There are hand-held belt sanders, bench or table top sanders and free-standing floor models.
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A hand held belt sander has two rotating drums that an oval piece of sandpaper fits around. The drums rotate the sandpaper. Hand-held sanders quickly strip paints and stains from wood, they can smooth wood for finishing, and they are also capable of grinding down the thickness of a piece of wood.
The larger stationary version is called a bench sander, and it is secured to a table. It will strip finishes, grind down the thickness of wood, and sand for finishing. The model in the photo is capable of sanding both sides at the same time.
Large Commercial Belt Sanders
There are very large belt sanders capable of sanding both sides of an entire 4 foot by 8 foot sheet of wood. Commercial wood producing companies and cabinet builders will use these larger models to quickly sand mass quantities of wood.
The effects of a belt sander are dependent upon the grit of the sandpaper. The lower the grit number is, the more aggressive the wood is sanded. A higher grit sandpaper will smooth the surface of the wood for finishing.
A belt sander can finish sand or grind a piece of wood in a few minutes. It saves time and eliminates a lot of hard work.