The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is an energetic and strong breed of dog that is not meant for every family. The family that owns a Staffordshire needs to be strong and authoritative in order to keep control of the dog. When raised correctly and trained well, the Staffordshire can be a very loving and treasured part of the family.
The history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier dates back to the 19th century, when coal miners in Staffordshire bred a bull dog with a terrier to result in a strong, fast breed now known as the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Originally bred for dogfighting, the Staffordshire was not recognised by the Kennel Club in England until 1935, when the fierce qualities originally present had been bred out. Staffordshires were believed to have been introduced into America in the mid-1880s and were developed into taller, heavier dogs that are now called the American Staffordshire Terriers.
Besides blue, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier can come in various colours including black, white, brindle, fawn and red. They have a smooth coat, with a height at the shoulder of 35 to 40 cm (14 to 16 inches) and a weight of 12.7 to 17.2 kg (28 to 38 lb) for males and 10.9 to 15.4 kg (24 to 3 lb) for females. Its head is made up of a broad skull with pronounced cheek muscles, black nose and a short foreface. This breed is very strong for their size.
The blue colour is said to be a "blue dilute." The "blue" colour results from a gene mutation from black, which results in a metallic blue-grey. Other breeds may also carry this colour. However, depending on the breed and registry, the colour may not be accepted in the breed standards. The blue colour is accepted by the Kennel Club (UK) and the American Kennel Club for the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
Staffordshires are friendly, active, fearless and curious. They are also very affectionate and typically love to meet new people. They are good with children and are very adoring of their own human family. They are very active and need a lot of exercise. need to be socialised early and trained to know that their human family is their pack leader, otherwise they may be difficult to handle due to their strength and determination. They should have clear rules set that they must follow. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a trustworthy dog full of courage, tenacity and high intelligence.
Staffordshires have a life expectancy of 10 to 16 years. However, there are a few diseases that they are prone to, such as cataracts and hip dysplasia. Staffordshires may also have gas problems, as do most "bull-type" breeds of dogs.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers can be fed commercial dog foods, either hard or wet, or an appropriate raw food diet. The type of food and amount of food is dependent upon many things, including size, activity level, sex and age. Their diet should include sources of nutrients such as fatty acids, minerals, vitamins and the right balance of protein and carbohydrates. A veterinarian may be able to recommend the best diet for a Staffordshire Bull Terrier.