Gastritis is a medical condition that is often characterised by inflammation and irritation in the linings of the stomach. This inflammation is most commonly caused by infections (often bacterial infection). However, according to the staff of Mayo Clinic, various other factors such as continuous use of pain killers, excessive consumption of alcohol and traumatic injury among others are often considered prime factors leading to gastritis in individuals. Gastritis is not often considered to be life threatening, but it causes a lot of pain and discomfort to the patients. Although in certain severe cases gastritis can cause ulcers and increase the chances of developing stomach cancer.
Types of Gastritis
Gastritis is generally classified into two major categories: acute gastritis and chronic gastritis. Acute gastritis is defined as a form of gastritis that occurs suddenly and is often for a brief time span. On the other hand, chronic gastritis is a longer lasting form of that develops slowly. Acute gastritis is found to be more common than chronic gastritis. There are various symptoms and signs that are often associated with acute gastritis. Some of the most common symptoms are elucidated and listed below.
Pain is one of the common symptoms that is often associated with acute gastritis. Individuals suffering from acute gastritis often experience a gnawing or a burning ache in the upper abdominal region of the body. This pain often can spread to other parts of the body as well such as the back and the central portion of the abdomen, and it generally worsens while eating.
Another common symptom associated with gastritis is excessive vomiting. Often depending on the severity of the condition, the vomit is usually clear or greenish yellow in colour. However, in extreme and severe cases of acute gastritis, the vomit of individuals often has traces of blood, which can make it appear blackish or brownish in colour.
Belching and Bloating
Individuals suffering from acute gastritis often experience continuous belching and bloating. Belching often helps in temporarily reducing the pain of the patient, however it does not relieve the person from the pain permanently. Due to the continuous feeling of belching or bloating, individuals often get a feeling of fullness in the upper abdominal region just after eating.
Other Common Symptoms of Acute Gastritis
Other common symptoms associated with acute gastritis include loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea, indigestion and hiccups..