Testosterone effects on the face

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Testosterone effects on the face
Facial hair is just one factor brought on by testosterone production. (Dimitri Vervitsiotis/Digital Vision/Getty Images)

Through drug therapy or naturally, testosterone is responsible for many facial changes and attributes. With skin changes determined by testosterone levels, pre-pubescent boys, aging men and transgender males discover the ups and downs of testosterone's effects on cosmetic outlook. These changes don't mean anything is wrong with your health, and it's important to discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor. Understanding the role of testosterone in your body and the effects on your face can help dispel some of the concerns you may experience.

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Definition

Testosterone is a naturally produced hormone that has a primary responsibility of supporting normal male sexual function, according to Androgel.com. Growth of male reproductive organs, energy levels, hair growth and bone strength are all affected by testosterone production. During puberty, a male's testosterone production increases, bringing about many of the changes required to become a fully grown man. Unfortunately, aging men may experience lowered testosterone levels, leading to hormonal replacement through medical means. Another group of society relying on testosterone production are transgender males, having undergone or awaiting gender reassignment surgery. According to the National Health Service, testosterone can be administered to people with a variety of conditions.

Testosterone effects on the face
Facial hair is driven by the presence of testosterone. (Young man shaving his beard image by MAXFX from Fotolia.com)

Hair

One of the main effects of testosterone on your face is the increased growth of facial hair such as a beard, moustache and sideburns. According to the Cornell Center for Materials Research in the USA, stimulation of the hair follicles to produce facial hair begins at puberty and continues throughout the male life. This stimulation of the hair follicles ushers in the ritual of shaving to remove the morning stubble and "5 o'clock shadow" that occurs late in the day on some men.

Acne

Testosterone is also responsible for increasing oil production from your pores. This can lead to increased incidence of acne, which is noted as a common side effect, according to Drugs.com. This could explain the incidence of acne flare-ups in teen boys, although acne reaches far into the later years as well. Common acne treatments help you deal with this condition through daily skin cleansing and hygiene basics.

Structure

Testosterone can change your overall facial structure. According to Hudson's Guide, patients taking testosterone orally reported squaring of the jawline, causing a more masculine appearance. Because testosterone is associated with muscle growth and development as well as bone health, it follows that a set jaw and angular face are an effect of this hormone.

Considerations

Testosterone levels can decrease during the later years of a man's life. Likewise, testosterone levels are able to increase levels to higher than normal during puberty. Seek the advice of a certified doctor if experiencing decreased energy, changes in size or shape of the testes, male breast growth, mood changes or erectile dysfunction. According to Drugs.com, these are not common effects of testosterone.

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