Jasmine is divided into three groups; shrubs, hardy climbers and tender climbers, making it a diverse species. Several types of jasmine are used extensively in the cosmetics and perfume industry, as well as in lotions and bath oils for its calming properties. Most blooms are white, although some are yellow. The plant can be found around the world, but thrives in tropical and temperate areas, where some varieties are known for their strong scents.
Night blooming jasmine
Nicknamed the "Queen of the Night", the scent of the night blooming jasmine (Cestrum nocturnum) can be detected up to 300 yards away. This flowering shrub grows best in tropical spots, as it originated in the West Indies. The plant features flat leaves with a glossy finish and white flowers that bloom intermittently in warm weather. Night blooming jasmine thrives in light, sandy soil and full sun. A favourite for butterfly habitats, the shrub has several uses. It grows quickly in phosphorous-rich soil and is a favourite food of caterpillars. It is ideal for garden borders or as a property divider.
A tough and reliable plant, winter jasmine can bloom (Jasminum nudiflorum) in just about any soil type, and will thrive in sun or shade. White winter jasmine is very fragrant, while the yellow winter jasmine has no scent. Winter jasmine starts to bloom on the first warm day in January, and continues to bloom sporadically into March. Winter jasmine originated in China in the 1840s and became popular throughout Europe and the United States when it was introduced in the mid-19th century. It is a fast-growing plant that will colonise a large area if it is left untrimmed. Every three or four years, it should be cut back to avoid overgrowth, and to minimise the ageing look of the plant. Today, it is often used in landscaping to cover block walls or other unsightly areas. It is easy to grow and is disease- and pest-resistant.
One of the most fragrant flowers in the jasmine family, summer jasmine (Jasminum officinale ) is a garden and greenhouse favourite around the world. Having originated in China and Arabia, it grows best in warm environments, but also does well in temperate weather. Summer jasmine is a climbing species, which can reach as high as 9 m (30 feet) in subtropical regions. The white flowers are star-shaped and bloom in late summer and into early autumn. Summer jasmine grows best in full sunlight and moist, well drained soil. Unlike other members of the family, summer jasmine is prone to aphids and scale, so disease control must be considered.