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Types of Cane Plants

Updated April 17, 2017

Cane plants generally grow in tropical environments and have many uses, including use as food, furniture or decoration. Many cane plants can grow from cutting stems from older plants and then planting those in the ground. Many of the plants originated in Asian and African countries, but are now found throughout the world.

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Sugar Cane

Seventy per cent of the world's sugar comes from sugar cane. Sugar cane is a perennial plant that grows well in full sunlight in dry soil. Brazil and India produces most of the world's sugar. Sugar cane plants are plentiful in areas that get a lot of rain, like tropical areas. Sugar cane is harvested about one year after being planted; it is planted in the spring from cuttings from older plants. Its food use is produced by crushing the plant to release its juices, which are then refined into sugar.

Golden Cane Palm

Golden cane palm, also known as areca palm, is generally found in tropical environments. The yellow stems grow up to 20 feet tall. It was originally found in Madagascar. It also has yellow flowers on the top of its stems and green leaves. Golden cane palms can grow indoors or outdoors in moist soil, and the plant grows within two to six months after seeds or cuttings are planted. It is often used as a natural fence due to its density and quick growth.


Dracaena plants come in many varieties including Massangeana, Dracaena Rikki and Red-edge Dracaena plants. Mealy bugs and spider mites are one of the plant's most common pests. Massangeana, also known as corn plant, can grow well in lowlight environments. The Rikki variety is a popular indoor choice due to its striking yellow-striped leaves. The Red-edge Dracaena can grow up to 15 feet tall and has purple stripes in the centre of its green leaves. Red-edge Dracaena's cane can be bent to grow into curved shapes.


Bamboo is a cane plant that originated in Southeast Asia and Africa. The plant thrives in tropical environments and is also suitable for indoor use as well. Bamboo doesn't require much sunlight and grows best in weather that ranges from 18.3 to 21.1 degrees C. The dried canes are often made into furniture, fences and decorations.

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About the Author

Joe Kelly has been writing since 2003, specializing in media, education, design and business issues. She has worked for magazines and other media. Kelly received a Master of Business Administration from St. Edward's University.

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