Raised beds are not only beneficial, but are attractive and often make gardening easier. Raised beds are essentially gardens that sit on top of the ground. Some gardeners choose this method if their ground soil isn't ideal for growing. For instance, if the soil has bad drainage or is made mostly of clay or similar substances, raised gardens allow homeowners to sit good soil on top of their unattractive soil, making growing vegetables, flowers, fruits and herbs easier and more prosperous. If you want to place a raised garden against a fence, you need to modify the bed just a bit.
Obtain the type of border to place around your raised bed. Wood is typically a popular and effective choice. In addition, choose the location to place your raised bed. Although you know you want to place the garden against the fence, you also need to take the sun requirements into consideration. Some vegetables, fruits and flowers grow well when exposed to full sun, whereas others only tolerate a small amount.
Look at the intended garden area and decide on a shape for the bed. Raised beds should be long and narrow. This shape allows you to reach all areas of the garden without having to step on the soil. If the garden is wide, you will likely have to tread on the ground, which can hurt your vegetation. Placing a garden up against a fence gives you limited access to the garden, as you are blocking one side. Because of this, only make the garden 90 cm (3 feet) wide; this size will allow you to reach all the vegetation without harming them or the soil.
Dig a 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inch) deep trench into the ground that is the length of the wood, where you plan to install the border. Since you are using the fence as your back border, you only need to lay down border for the sides and front of the garden. Place the pieces of wood inside the trenches. If your fence allows soil to seep through, staple a plastic sheet over the fence where the soil will touch. The sheet will keep the soil inside the garden and prevent it from spilling out.
Pour gardening soil into the garden. Unless you have bermudagrass, you don't need to remove the vegetation already in the soil. In fact, it will help to feed the crop. If you have bermudagrass, dig and remove the grass with a shovel. Try to make the depth of the soil at least 30 cm (12 inches) deep. Doing so will give you the means to grow a variety of different crops, as their depth requirements may vary.
Place a level on your soil to ensure it's even. Uneven soil can affect drainage. If the soil is not level, simply move it around with a rake until it's flat. After reaching an even level, pour compost on top of the soil. Your garden is now ready to receive seeds or seedlings.
Install a fence around the garden, if one does not exist already. Place the fence around the entire garden or just on a few sides. One of the main advantages of creating a garden near a fence is that you can use the fence to support vines and other upward-growing vegetation, such as beans and cucumber. You can use almost any type of fencing, including chain link, wooden and wire. Plant the vegetation in front of the fencing material and encourage it to grow upward by tying it to the fence with twine or cotton cord as the plants get bigger.
Use rot-resistant wood around the garden.