An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with liquid that grows on or around an ovary, a female reproductive organ. Although not all ovarian cysts cause pain, there are several types that are more likely to trigger painful episodes: endometriomas, cystadenomas and dermoid cysts. The pain could be in the stomach, lower back, legs or pelvic area. Additionally, it may be present during menstruation or sexual intercourse only. Painful ovarian cysts need to be diagnosed by a medical professional. To resolve the pain, you can monitor your diet, activity level, take medication and use pain-relieving techniques.
Use heat on the low back or abdomen. According to Cure-Ovarian-Cyst.com, put a heating pad on a medium setting and place it behind the low back for the most relief. If your abdomen is more painful, you can place it on your stomach area. If you do not have a heating pad or prefer not to use one, take a full warm bath to soak your tummy and back.
Do not wear tight-fitting clothes. Ovarian cysts can cause belly bloating and weight gain. Restrictive clothing may aggravate pain or put too much pressure on the affected area.
Avoid strenuous activities. Depending upon the size of the cyst, it could displace other organs or get twisted. High-impact activities like running, jumping or gymnastics can aggravate pain. You also do not want the cyst to burst, so keep your exercise to a low level.
Avoid certain foods, such as spicy foods, that cause bloating or stomach upset, which can make the pain worse. Cure-Ovarian-Cyst.com recommends avoiding foods with high hormone content like red meat. Watch your diet and remove foods that seem to intensify the pain.
Get on a birth control pill. Some women get relief from prescribed oral contraceptives, according to Web MD. Yet, there are risks associated with birth control pills so check with a doctor about the risks and benefits of this treatment option.
Have the ovarian cyst removed. Pain is the body's way to tell you something is wrong. You may need painful and large cysts removed. The types of surgeries used are laparoscopy (small incisions) or laparotomy (tumour removal).
Ovarian cysts present very differently for each women, so it is always better to consult with a medical professional for all treatment options and symptom management.
A lessening of pain does not mean the cyst is gone. Some cysts can grow to an enormous size and cause little pain, but cause other problems.