Hexagonal lap looms are simple looms, usually made from wood. They are shaped in a hexagon, with a hexagonal hole in the centre, and nails or pegs along the sides. Typical hexagonal looms are around 6 inches on each side, and are used to make pot holders, doilies, coasters and other smaller ornamental weavings. Larger looms are available, and used to make foot rugs or small blankets. Hexagonal weaving doesn’t involve a warp or weft thread, rather a series of layered threads that are hand-tied together.
Tie the yarn onto the second peg from the left, on the top side of the loom. Skip the peg in the corner left of the loom, and lead the yarn around the back of the first peg down and to the left of the corner peg at the top.
Lace the yarn in a figure eight around the opposite peg on the right side of the loom, leading the yarn up and around the peg. Lead the yarn around the back of the next peg down on the left side of the loom, then repeat the figure eight step with the next free peg on the opposite side of the loom.
Repeat the figure eight pattern until you reach the bottom of the loom. Skip the peg in the corner bottom left of the loom, and guide the yarn around the peg to the right of that corner peg. Hold the yarn there, and turn the whole loom in a counter-clockwise direction until the place where the yarn is, is now at the top left, where you originally started.
Repeat the figure eight pattern down the loom, creating a diamond pattern over the first figure eight set. Skip the corner peg in the bottom left, wrap the yarn around the next peg and turn the whole loom counter-clockwise so that the yarn is again at the top left.
Repeat the figure eight pattern; this cuts the diamond pattern in half, and creates yarn triangles set in hexagonal patterns on the loom. Once you reach the bottom, you will be back to the starting peg. This is one layer of weaving. Continue with another three or four layers of weaving until you reach the desired thickness.
Thread the needle with a new piece of yarn. Look at the pattern of the yarn and identify the intersections where the threads cross each other. These look like the centre of a small hexagon, made up of six smaller triangles of thread.
Thread the yarn through a pair of opposite triangles in the intersection using the needle, and then tie a knot around the centre. Tie a separate knot through each pair of triangles, cutting the yarn after each knot. There are 63 intersections on a 6-inch loom, so this will make 189 knots altogether.
Cut the threads around each peg to remove the yarn from the loom. Lift the weaving off the loom. This makes a hexagonal doily or pot holder, with loose yarn ends, like a fringe. The fringe can be left as is, cut shorter, or pulled into bunches of three or four threads and knotted at the base. The weaving will not come undone with the fringe loose, because it has been individually knotted together.