In these days of two income families and single parent families, one of the biggest concerns is childcare. According to the Illinois Emergency Medical Services for Children, over 75 per cent of children under 5 years old will spend their days away from their parents and will be looked after in some sort of day care facility. Whether your child is cared for by others or you are a stay-at-home parent, knowing what to do in an emergency situation is of utmost importance.
In the event your child is bitten by an animal, immediately wash the wound with soap and water and place pressure on the area with clean gauze or fabric in case of bleeding. Once the bleeding has stopped, you can apply an antibiotic spray or cream and then cover the wound with a sterile bandage. If the bite is deep and/or you are unsure if the animal in question has been vaccinated for rabies, seek medical attention immediately.
Young children are highly curious and will place almost anything in their mouths. Small items especially are major choking hazards. In the event of choking, call 911 and then immediately try to dislodge the item by using abdominal thrusts. Do not attempt this unless you have been trained properly. You could cause further injury if you are not trained. If the child passes out or stops breathing, administer CPR but once again, only if you are trained in the procedure.
Extreme caution should be observed when cooking or using hot appliances around small children. A child can pull a pan off the stove or spill hot liquid at a moment's notice. If your child sustains a severe burn, run the area under cool water for several minutes and call emergency services. Cover the area with a bandage but do not put any creams or oils on the burn because this could worsen the condition.
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