A condenser microphone is best used for vocals because it offers a crisp sound without too much bass buildup. Understand the way a condenser microphone works with information from an independent recording engineer and producer in this free video on music recording.
Hey we're in the studio here again today, we're going to look at how to use a condenser microphone. First of all we need to look at the different types of microphones. There's condenser, there's dynamic and there's ribbon microphones. And in a dynamic microphone, you have a thing called proximity effect which means the closer you get to the microphone, the more bass buildup that you have and so a lot of DJs they use those types of microphones. With a condenser, you can get close to it or far from it and you're basically void of having the proximity effect with that bass buildup. It gives you a lot of nice high end and a lot of Christmas and it's mainly used or mostly used for vocals, used for a lot of different purposed but vocals primarily and on the condenser microphone we also have some different polar patterns. We have the cardio polar pattern which is like a heart shaped pattern right in front of the microphone. And you have the, and there's different types, there's super hyper cardio which is just narrower versions of the cardiode. And you have a figure 8 or bi-directional pattern that is picks up on either side with side, with the sides being the most rejection of sound. The most being picked up from either side hence figure 8 or bi-directional. Then you have omni directional which picks up from the entire 360 degrees around the microphone. So condenser microphones very, very good microphone to use for vocals or pretty much any application. It does although need phantom power in order to use it so you need a console that has phantom power or a separate little power supply that would be able to power the microphone. But excellent choice.