Native Spanish Plants

Written by christina delegans-bunch
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Native Spanish Plants
Spanish Bluebells are native to Spain. (bluebells image by hannahfelicity from Fotolia.com)

Spain is home to more than 8,000 species of indigenous flowers. Located on the Iberian Peninsula, Spain makes up the southwestern portion of Europe. The mainland of Spain is comprised of high plateaus, vast mountain ranges like the Sierra Nevada and numerous rivers. Spain's coastal regions include multiple beaches and alluvial plain regions. This European nation's climate is as diverse as its landscape, which yields a wide assortment of native plants.

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Flowers

Spanish Bluebells or Scilla Hispanica are native flowers to the European nation of Spain. These robust flowers grow in any type of climate or location. The plant grows to heights of 10 to 18 inches from a sturdy green stalk with long, oval-shaped leaves. Each plant cultivates 12 to 15 flowers per stalk. This flower blossoms in the late spring with wide bell-shaped buds. Wild Spanish bluebells have a violet-blue hue, while domestic varieties come in various shades of blue, white and pink.

Gazania flowers (Gazania rigens) resemble common daisy plants. These flowers grow 6 to 12 inches from a mound. Gazania plants flourish with nonstop colour throughout the year in Spain due to the tropical climate. During the summer, the flowering slows a bit. In the U.S. this plant blooms in the summer time until early fall. This plant flowers in an array of vibrant colours like orange, red, cream, pink, bronze and yellow.

Trees

Fig Tree (Ficus carica), or higo in Spanish, are a native tree species to Andalusia, a Mediterranean community in Spain. The fig tree also excels in the tropical climate of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. This tree ranges in heights of 10 to 30 feet; however, larger heights such as 50 feet are not out of the ordinary. The tree has bright green leaves and grows tiny flowers inside the fruit of the tree. The fruit of the tree is produced in two crops--one in the spring and the next in the fall.

Orange/Naranjo (Citrus sinensis) is one of the most famous trees in the capital of Seville in the Andalusia area in Spain, according to Andalucia.com. This tree captivates tourists and locals with its sweetly fragrant blossoms. The tree's fruit produces one of the largest crops for the country of Spain. The Naranjo tree is an ornamental tree used for landscaping throughout Spain.

Lantana Shrub

The lantana (Lantana Camara) is a flowering evergreen shrub indigenous to Spain and other tropical regions. The Lantana shrub has a width of approximately 8 feet and grows to a minimum of 6 feet in height. The plant's leaves are 2 to 5 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide with a rounded, serrated edge. These leaves emit an unpleasant scent when crushed. The Lantana shrub flowers nonstop in tropical climates. Bursting with bold colour combinations of yellow and white, orange and pink, and rose and pink, the flowers form ball-shaped clusters. This plant is drought resistant and thrives on benign neglect. Once the flowers wilt, toxic black berries grow in their place.

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