What Are the Colors of a Peony Flower?

Written by jeanne young
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What Are the Colors of a Peony Flower?
Peonies come in many colours. (pink and white peony image by Rose Hayes from Fotolia.com)

The flowers of both herbaceous, or bush and tree peonies, come in a rainbow selection of colours including white, cream, pink, coral, red and yellow, along with less common colours. Although many peonies have a predominant colour, they are not always a solid colour, and sometimes they have a different colour centre. The most common peony flower colours are the pinks, reds and whites. Different varieties have different shaped flowers with single, semidouble and double the most common.

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White and Cream

Pure white peonies include the Paeonia lactiflora 'Duchesse de Nemours,' a double flower. Both it and the semi-double Paeonia lactiflora 'Miss America' have a compact height and spread of 2-1/2 to 3 feet. Although many peonies do not have a native range, the Paeonia japonica, a white, single with yellow stamens, is native to Japan. It is small with a height and spread of 1 to 1-1/2-feet. The Paeonia lactiflora 'Alley Cat' is an example of a creamy white peony, its height and spread are 2-1/2 to 3 feet.

Displaying more colour is the Paeonia lactiflora 'Angel Cheeks,' a white, blushed-pink double and the Paeonia lactiflora 'Raspberry Rumba,' its flower is a creamy-white streaked with raspberry. They both have a height and spread of 2 to 2-1/2 feet.

While the previous six peonies were herbaceous, the Paeonia ostii 'Feng Dan Bai' Phoenix White is a tree peony. Its flower is white with a yellow centre and it has a height and spread of 4 to 5 feet.

Pink and Red

The Paeonia 'America' with a flower that is red with a golden-yellow centre, the Paeonia 'Coral 'n' Gold' with a coral and gold single flower, the Paeonia 'Coral Sunset' with its flowers a coral pink with gold centres and the Paeonia lactiflora 'Alice Harding' with its pink petals with white centre.

Examples of tree peonies include the Paeonia delavayi var. lutea 'Hesperus' with a flower that is rose-pink with yellow single and the Paeonia 'Themis' with a solid pink flower.

Each of these peonies bloom in May.

Yellow

The Paeonia 'Goldfinch' has a pure yellow flower and is fairly big with a height and spread 3 to 4 feet. While the Paeonia 'Prairie Moon' has a flower that is yellow with darker yellow centres. Its height is 2-1/2 to 3 feet and its spread is 2 to 2-1/2 feet.

Green, Orange and Purple

Paeonia lactiflora 'Green Lotus' has a pale lime green flower with pink overtones and yellow centres. Its height and spread is a compact 2 to 2-1/2 feet. The 'Green Lotus' is an herbaceous peony, as is the larger Paeonia 'Tessera' peony, which produces an orange semidouble flower and stands 3 to 5 feet tall with a spread of 3 to 4 feet. The Paeonia suffruticosa 'Kamada-nishiki' Kada Brocade has a dark purple semidouble flower. Although it is a tree peony, it is the same size as the 'Tessera' and all three bloom in May.

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