English flowers must withstand a variety of weather patterns, rocky soil, dampness and varied sun. Choose plants that work with both structured areas and wild flower groupings. English favourites include lily of the valley, agrimony and primrose. Loosestrife, another popular English flower, can become a nuisance and overtake its environment if not kept in check. Water features are popular in English gardens and meadows; plants chosen to surround these damper areas must thrive in those conditions.
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The foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) flower brings vivid colour to a garden. The white, yellow, pink or purple blossoms tightly line the stem above bright-green foliage. Reaching heights of between 2 and 4 feet, this hardy biennial's leaves form buds or rosettes during its first year with blossoms following in the next growing season. Foxglove prefers shaded or partial sun, making it a good chose for treed gardens and along walls or fences. Foxglove attracts bees and hummingbirds. This plant is the base for the chemical digitalis, a potent heart drug, and is considered very toxic.
English daisies (Bellis perennis) are a favourite in the British Isles for their hardiness and rapid growth. Plant with about 6 inches between to allow room for spreading. The English daisy has row upon row of petals, sometimes referred to as a double daisy. They prefer mid temperatures, full sun and well-drained, moist soil. Deadheading, the removal of faded blooms, promotes quick flowering by sending nutrients to new growth. Weekly watering is sufficient; over-watering causes root rot in damper climates. English daisies have folk names including bachelor's button, horse daisy, midsummer daisy and moonflower.
Lavender (Lavandula officinalis) is native to England, a hardy perennial surviving the rocky soil of the English countryside. The lavender needs no fertilisation, very little maintenance and thrives well in the sun. Lavender grows tall stocks with flowers blooming from the top portion, towering above foliage that surrounds it. A long-time favourite, lavender's scent has been made into oils, perfumes and toilet waters. As a fragrance, lavender enjoyed a resurgence in popularity during the Victorian era, scenting ladies' handkerchiefs and linens.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) tops tall woody stems with large disk-type blooms of white, ecru, pink and purple. The flower is hardy and the stems can withstand inclement weather. The feather-like leaves of the yarrow plant dot the stem at sparse intervals. Preferring full sun exposure, yarrow lines ditches and roadways, putting down deep roots in rocky, damp soil. Yarrow flowers and the slender stalks work well for crafting and flower projects, drying quickly without become fragile. Yarrow attract bees that encourage growth through regular pollination.
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