Nicotiana plants are also known as flowering tobacco plants. The plant is a cousin of the regular tobacco plant as well as the potato, tomato, eggplant, pepper and petunia plants. You can plant the nicotiana as part of a flower border or just naturally throughout your garden. Consider five facts about the nicotiana plant when deciding whether to grow it in your garden.
A number of different types of nicotiana are available for you to choose from. According to Better Homes and Gardens, the top five types of nicotiana are: jasmine tobacco, domino flowering tobacco, nicotiana langsdorffii, lime-green flowering tobacco and nicotiana mutabilis. Jasmine tobacco has greenish-yellow flowers and grows on a 5-foot tall stem. The domino flowering tobacco has red, white, pink and rose flowers and grows up to 14 inches. Nicotiana langsdorffii bears green flowers on 5-foot tall stems and the nicotiana mutabilis has trumpet-shaped flowers that open white and change to rose pink.
The appearance of a nicotiana flowering tobacco plant can vary depending on the type of plant. The height of the plants can range from 12 inches to 4 feet at maturity. The nicotiana can come in a variety of colours, again depending on which type of plant you grow. The plant bears green, pink, purple, red or white flowers. The nicotiana flowering tobacco plant always bears trumpet-shaped flowers, although the size of the flower varies among different types.
Nicotiana flowering tobacco plants can suffer from a number of problems. Diseases caused by fungi include transplant rot, black root rot and blue mould. Transplant rot causes the plant to stop growing or suddenly collapse. Black root rot may cause stunted plants, irregular growth or a ragged appearance. Blue mould causes the leaves to turn pale, then water grey and finally brown. Aphids, the Colorado potato beetle, cutworms, garden springtail, potato flea beetle, stalk borer, tobacco hornworm and whiteflies are all insects that can attack nicotiana flowering tobacco plants and cause problems.
The nicotiana flowering tobacco plant is an annual, which means it only lasts for one year from seed to bloom to seed. You should plant the nicotiana in well-drained soil that will receive full sun. The flowers on the plant bloom between June and October. You can plant the nicotiana inside five to seven weeks before the last frost and then transplant them outside after the last frost. It is best not to pick off dead flowers so that they will provide seeds for future planting.
The nicotiana flowering tobacco plant is useful anywhere in your garden. It is colourful and attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Many of the different types of the nicotiana plant are fragrant and easy to grow. The flowers are also deer resistant.