Car Suspension Types

Written by leah shiota
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Car Suspension Types
The two most basic types of car suspension are independent and dependent. (luxury car - model toy car image by alma_sacra from

Car suspension refers to the mechanism in a vehicle that separates the driver's seat from the road and prevents the car from shaking heavily to make the ride too harsh. There are various factors that can affect the suspension of a vehicle, such as different springs, absorbers and whether the suspension is dependent or independent.

Independent Suspension System

If a vehicle has an independent suspension, the wheels' suspension systems are joined by an anti-sway bar but are otherwise independent of each other. According to, independent car suspension systems were created in 1930 and have been popular ever since. Today, there are electronic sensors as well as shock absorber actuators in some independently suspended vehicles that can help control bumps to ensure a smooth driving experience.

Dependent Suspension System

When a suspension system of a vehicle is non-independent or dependent, it means the suspension systems of the front wheels are linked physically by both wheels (right and left) being attached to the axle. This type of suspension is often kept in place by springs, and is common in trucks. reports that although dependent suspension systems are not used in modern-day sedans, this system may be a viable type for vehicles that travel off-road.

Double Wishbone Suspension System

The double wishbone suspension system is a type of independent suspension system in vehicles in which the wheel is attached to the car's frame with links or arms that resembles the shape of a wishbone. According to, this type of suspension has been around for just 50 years. The type of coil spring that mounts to the wishbone-shaped arms also affects the motion of the wheel.

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