Major Components of the Reproductive System

Written by lauren reinhard
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Major Components of the Reproductive System
Nine months after conception, a baby delivered by natural childbirth goes through the birthing canal. (birth of a baby image by Steve Lovegrove from

The male and female reproductive systems are employed in the process of getting a woman pregnant. Each system is incredibly complex and each piece serves an important purpose in the process. When these systems' functions are put together in the act of intercourse, they work toward the singular function of creating né, w life.

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The testicles are the part of the male reproductive system responsible for producing sperm, as well as the hormone testosterone. The male hormone testosterone is what helps stimulate the production of semen; millions of sperm cells are stored in the testicles.

Duct System

A male's duct system is located next to the testicles. The duct system is made up of various tubes which transport male fluids to different parts of the body. The major components of this duct system are the epididymis, which stores the sperm when they first leave the testicles, and the vas deferens, which is responsible for transporting the sperm from the epididymis to the head of the penis for ejaculation.


For reproductive purposes, the penis is used for intercourse and ejaculation. The organ is made up of two parts: the shaft and the glans. The shaft has spongelike tissue that expands or contracts, while the glans is the head of the penis that contains a tiny slit from which urine and semen exits the body.

Accessory Glands

The main components of accessory glands are the seminal vesicles, the prostate gland and the Cowper's glands. These three glands together represent the parts of the male reproductive system responsible for producing the fluids that nourish and transport sperm.


The ovaries are the part of the female reproductive system that make, house and release eggs. Female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone are also produced here. Each month, the ovaries will release one egg follicle after it has matured.

Fallopian tubes

The Fallopian tubes connects the ovaries and the uterus. After the egg is released from the ovary it is stored in the Fallopian tubes until it is fertilised.


The uterus will serve as the womb for a woman's fertilised egg. After the egg is fertilised, it implants itself in the lining of the uterus and will stay there through the nine months of its development.


The vagina serves multiple purposes in the female reproductive system. It first serves as the vessel where the penis is inserted during sexual intercourse; it later serves as the birthing canal during childbirth.

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