Animals & Plants From Brazil

Updated November 21, 2016

Brazil is a teeming with exotic animal and plant life throughout the forest and open plains. If you take a walk through the forest, you will find high populations of monkeys. Squirrel monkeys climb the trees, but you might also hear loud roars from primates such as the howler monkey. Howler monkeys usually try to hide within the trees, but these animals are not shy about making noise.

Giant Water Lily

The giant water lily is a plant found in the Amazon rainforest of Brazil. These flowers can grow quite large in the rainforest reaching a diameter of 6 feet. This massive flower grows in lakes and rivers of the forest. The large flowers are wide, but they are also paper thin, which allows the lily to float freely in the water. These flowers are generally pink or white and they closely resemble smaller water lilies found in other parts of the world.

Brazil Nut Tree

The Brazil nut tree grows throughout Brazil and other areas of South America. This tree can reach heights of up to 200 feet and produce more than 113kg. of nuts per year. The foliage is dark green and thick. Brazil nut trees are also home to monkeys, birds and other forest creatures. Brazil nut trees can also live up to 500 years.

Rubber Tree

Rubber trees grow in Brazil and other humid climates across the globe. These trees can reach heights of up to 130 feet. The foliage is dark green and the trunk of the tree is long and thick. People extract rubber from these trees to make household appliances and other consumer goods. The rubber is grey when taken from the tree, but manufactures add chemicals and other colours to change the look of the material.

Squirrel Monkey

Squirrel monkeys live in the Amazon forests of Brazil and other parts of the world. These monkeys are brown with long tails. Squirrel monkeys have a pale white face with a black nose. Squirrel monkeys weigh 0.454 to 1.36kg., have an average lifespan of 15 years and enjoy a diet of insects and fruit.

These small monkeys are not able to reproduce until they are at least 3 years of age and their gestational period is about 170 days.

Howler Monkey

Howler monkeys are shy creatures that hide in the Amazon forest in Brazil. These monkeys are brown or reddish brown and live 15 to 20 years on average. Howler monkeys can also weigh up to 9.98kg. and live together in colonies. Male howler monkeys howl to claim their territory.


Closely related to alligators, caimans live in the swamps and wetlands of Brazil. These animals enjoy a diet of fish and small birds. Caimans generally leave people alone unless they are bothered. The black caiman can grow up to 20 feet long and other species such as the dwarf caiman are usually less than 5 feet.

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