Shop classes allow students to learn the craft of working and building with wood, to allow them to learn the basics of becoming carpenters or woodworking craftsmen when they grow up. There are a variety of tools students can learn to use in these woodworking classes which are simple and relatively safe to operate, yet will help them build a number of different things out of wood.
Vices are heavy pieces of metal which are installed on the end of work benches or work tables and allow pieces of wood to be held tightly in place while they are carved or worked on. These tools can be opened and closed around a piece of wood by winding them from one end and then locked in place by removing the crank. Vices should be installed at the end of the work benches in all school wood shops, as this tool is integral to students who are beginning to learn the basics of building items out of wood.
Saws are important for cutting larger pieces of wood into smaller pieces so that they can be nailed or screwed together to make a piece of furniture or whatever is being built. Using a saw properly is integral to working and building with wood, namely learning how to cut wood smoothly and straight, so that when it is cut it can be properly assembled. There are a number of different types of saws all of which have their own types of blades meant for different types of wood or other material. The saws with bigger teeth or blades on them are meant for harder pieces of wood. Longer sawing jobs, while thin, delicate metal blades are meant for lighters and softer wood like balsa and should be used with care. Make sure students know how to use saws with care and keep their free hands away from the blades when cutting.
Drills and Hammers
Drills and hammers are used for attaching pieces of wood together with nails and screws. Nails are hammered into place and the use of a hammer is relatively self-explanatory, swinging a hammer so that it hits a nail on the head into a piece of wood in a specific place, attaching it to another piece of wood. Drills have a wide variety of uses based on the bits that are attached to them. Drill bits can be used to make holes in wood or have bits which will screw both flathead and Phillips head screws into place. Some drills can be used wirelessly with charged batteries, while other, more powerful drills are plugged directly into the wall running off source power.