When you build pine kitchen cabinets, you can make them look rustic or as modern as you choose by the way you finish the cabinets. It's best to sand all pieces smooth immediately after you cut them. As you do each step of the process, sand the surface of each piece of wood before you assemble.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- Kitchen layout
- Measuring tools
- Pine wood
- Wood glue
- Wood screws
- Power drill with drill bits and screw driver bits
- Cabinet hardware
Take measurements and make a layout. Before you even begin, know what you want. Decide how deep you'd like your cabinets and the style of layout, including any that may contain drawers. Use the electronic kitchen planner available at many building supply stores.
Start with one cabinet. The first cabinet is the most difficult and provides a template for the others. Use the dimensions of one cabinet to calculate the amount of supplies that you need. You'll need enough wood to build the pine kitchen cabinet's carcass, or cabinet box, the face frame and the doors.
Build the carcass. When you cut the carcass, you need to reduce the measurements of the boards for the sides by the thickness of the board for the top and bottom. When you cut the board for the back, cut both the length and width shorter by two times the thickness of the wood to allow it to fit snugly inside the frame you built.
Clamp together the top and sides of the carcass after you glue the edges for more support. Predrill holes and screw the top down to the sides. When you build pine kitchen cabinets, make certain you predrill so you don't crack the wood. Flip the carcass over and attach the bottom in the same manner. Insert the back, also with the edge glued, and screw it into place.
Layout the Plans and Build the Carcass
Create the faceplate for your pine kitchen cabinet. The sides are the same height as the cabinet and width varies, but 2 inches is a good example. The board for the length of the face plate, or rails, is the length of the cabinet less the width of the side boards, or styles.
Line up the styles and rails and make sure they fit and mark them for dowel holes. Drill two holes at the ends of the rails to match the holes in the interior side of the styles. Put glue in the holes, insert the dowel and clamp together all four pieces together to make a square.
Clamp and glue the face plate to the carcass and secure by predrilling holes and securing with finishing nails. Cut the door 3/8-inch wider than the opening of the face plate and bevel the edges.
Finish the carcass and door with stain and polyurethane finish before adding the hinges. Use wood putty to cover nail holes, after you stain but before you varnish. Allow the varnish to dry before you add the hinges. Make sure the door is level and put on the rest of the hardware.
Add the Faceplate and the Doors
Tips and warnings
- Put tape on the drill bit to measure half the length of the dowel so you know where to stop.
- Always wear safety goggles when you cut wood.