Basketball gym size regulations

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Basketball gym size regulations
According to FIBA, basketball is among the most popular sports in the world, played by approximately 450 million people. (Basketball Court image by Jim Mills from Fotolia.com)

According to the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), there are 214 national federations governing basketball. Some of these federations set their own rules and regulations, but the basic rules of the game are uniform across all leagues.

Standard, full size basketball courts and their markings come in different dimensions, depending on the competition level. The National Basketball Association (NBA), FIBA, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and high school basketball federations have different court and court marking dimensions.

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Court Lengths and Widths

The largest difference between the basketball courts of the world's governing bodies is in court length. The NBA and NCAA share a 94 foot court length and 50 foot width, while FIBA's court is slightly smaller at 91.86 feet long (28 meters) and 49.21 feet wide (15 meters).

High school basketball courts are typically shorter, at 84 feet long and 50 feet wide.

Basket Height and Diameter

Basket height and diameter is the only measurement that is completely uniform across all governing bodies, with the rim being 10 feet off the surface of the floor and 18 inches in diameter.

Three Point Line Distances

Basketball courts across all levels have similar court markings, denoting the three point line, free throw line, centre circle and key.

The three point line arch on an NBA court is, at its peak, 23.75 feet from the centre of the basket, but the distance decreases to 22 feet if a player is shooting from the sides of the court.

On an NCAA court, the three point line is a uniform 20.75 feet, while a FIBA court's three point distance is 20.5 feet, and high school courts have a three point distance of 19.75 feet.

Free Throw Line Distances

Free throw line distance is a uniform 15 feet from the centre of the basket for all governing bodies, besides FIBA, where the line is at a distance of 15.09 feet (4.6 meters). The free throw line also serves as a boundary for the key.

Center Circle Diameters

The centre circle, the area in the centre of the court where players contest jump balls, is a uniform 12 feet in diameter for all governing bodies, besides FIBA, where the circle is 11.81 feet in diameter (3.6 meters).

Lengths and Widths of the Key

The key is a typically shaded, somewhat restricted area of the court, primarily used to keep players from positioning themselves very close to the basket for prolonged periods. The key is bounded on the ends by the end line under the basket, marking the out of bounds area, and the free throw line.

In the NBA, the key is 16 feet wide by 15 feet long. At the NCAA and high school levels, the key is 12 feet wide by 15 feet long.

The key on a FIBA court is a trapezoid, rather than a rectangle, measuring 11.81 feet (3.6 m) at the free throw line and 19.69 feet at the end line (5 m).

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