Barriers That Hinder Effective Communication and Presentation

Written by zachary fenell
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Barriers That Hinder Effective Communication and Presentation
Effective communication requires appropriate expressions and useful visual aids. (business presentation #7 image by Adam Borkowski from

Communication is significant in many aspects of life, including family and work. Effective communication means having your message interpreted as intended. This involves avoiding communication obstacles. When making a presentation, communication obstacles can turn into presentation barriers. Being able to recognise and avoid presentation barriers will help you communicate effectively while giving a presentation.

Physical Noise

Noise, as a communication concept, refers to any sounds that distract from the message at hand. When giving a presentation, physical noise, such as construction sounds or secondary conversation between audience members, can serve as obstacles to communication. To prevent physical noise from becoming a presentation barrier, carefully select the venue for your presentation and request that your audience save all questions for the end of the presentation.

Contradictory Communication

According to the Regional Environmental Center's guide to communication and presentation, the majority of communication takes places through nonverbal communication, such as facial expressions and hand gestures. Effective communication involves your nonverbal messages matching your verbal message. In other words, your facial expressions and gestures should match the tone and message of your presentation as much as possible.

Malicious Messages

If your presentation contains a message that makes negative statements about an individual or group, or if your message sets blame on an individual or group, your audience will likely become turned off to what you have to say. For instance, in business, insulting your competitor rather than focusing on your own product can cause investors to lose interest in your venture.

Irrelevant Messages

In a presentation you will need to demonstrate the relevance your message has to your audience. Otherwise, your message will fall upon deaf ears. Demonstrating relevance relies on knowing your audience. This involves knowing your audience's familiarity with the subject of your presentation and knowing what your audience hopes to gain from your presentation.


Effective communication requires using vocabulary that your audience will understand. Improper use of vocabulary may cause confusion and misinterpretation, which are barriers to effective communication.

Inadequate Visual Aids

Visual aids, such as slide shows and charts, help to reinforce the message of your presentation. However, inadequate visual aids can become communication obstacles. The Regional Environmental Center recommends making your visual aids easy to read by using large fonts, as well as using bullet points to break up text.

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