Learning assessments are useful tools for educators and students. Assessments illustrate how much of a lesson or concept a student has mastered. They can also indicate areas where the student needs assistance in learning concept. Several types of learning assessments exist from which to choose.
A self assessment allows the student to evaluate his or her own progress. Practice quizzes and written work are both examples of tools that can be used for self assessments. Using self assessment methods helps students learn to self regulate and evaluate their progress. It can encourage the student to recognise strengths and seek out assistance for weaknesses. Repeating the practice quiz or written assignments following additional instruction also provides benchmark measurements for the student to measure progress.
Objective assessments have concrete, measurable answer values that demonstrate whether or not the student has mastered the subject matter. Examples of objective assessments include true-false and multiple choice tests. Additionally, quizzes that require short answers can be used as part of an objective assessment.
The objective assessment is administered and graded by someone other than the student. Barring specific learning disabilities, the objective assessment will demonstrate whether the student knows the material.
A computer-based assessment allows more time flexibility than other types of assessments because it can be administered at the convenience of both the student and teacher. The computer-based assessment can be programmed to provide the test to the student, grade the test and return immediate results to both the student and the teacher. In addition, a computer-based assessment can provide the correct answers immediately, thereby showing the student where mistakes were made.
Portfolio assessments are more creatively driven than other types of learning assessments. A portfolio learning assessment draws from chronologically progressive samples of the student's work and determines whether the student is continuing to make progress. Criteria for portfolio learning assessments can vary. Students sometimes choose the work they want included. At other times they are randomly selected samples.