Types of stone for building houses

Updated February 21, 2017

Home builders have chosen stone for thousands of years. Stone is a sturdy building choice. It can hold up for years against bad weather and wear and tear. Stone is also a beautiful choice for a home. The colour and pattern varieties in different types of stone can create a unique look for every home.


Sandstone is one of the most common types of stone used for building homes. It is so common, in fact, that the famous Brownstone homes found in the northeastern part of the United States got their name from the type of sandstone used in their construction. Sandstone consists of several types of small grains of minerals including quartz, calcite and feldspar. The stones are grey, brown, red, green or cream in colour.


Humans have been building with limestone for thousands of years. According to Alan Winston of Tour Egypt, Egyptians used limestone to build the core of the pyramids. Limestone is mostly made of calcite. Limestone is a porous rock that carves easily, making it ideal for building. The stone is often grey, off-white or cream in colour, but almost every colour of the stone exists.


Slate consists of small grains of mica and quartz. Slate is an ideal stone for home building because it is weatherproof and can last many years. Slate is typically dark grey in colour, but can range from brown to green depending on the stone's origin.


Granite is commonly used on kitchen countertops as the stone is both scratch and heat resistant. However, granite is also ideal for building homes as well. Granite is one of the toughest and longest lasting stones available. It consists of quartz, alkali feldspar and plagioclase feldspar. Granite colours range from white to pink to light grey, but the addition of other minerals can add more colour dimensions, making each piece of granite unique.

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About the Author

Amelia Jenkins has more than eight years of professional writing experience, covering financial, environmental and travel topics. Her work has appeared on MSN and various other websites and her articles have topped the best-of list for sites like Bankrate and Kipplinger. Jenkins studied English at Tarrant County College.