Types of stone for building houses

Written by amelia jenkins
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  • Introduction

    Types of stone for building houses

    Home builders have chosen stone for thousands of years. Stone is a sturdy building choice. It can hold up for years against bad weather and wear and tear. Stone is also a beautiful choice for a home. The colour and pattern varieties in different types of stone can create a unique look for every home.

    Different types of stone provide unique options for home building. (old stone house image by Julija Sapic from Fotolia.com)

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    Sandstone is one of the most common types of stone used for building homes. It is so common, in fact, that the famous Brownstone homes found in the northeastern part of the United States got their name from the type of sandstone used in their construction. Sandstone consists of several types of small grains of minerals including quartz, calcite and feldspar. The stones are grey, brown, red, green or cream in colour.

    Sandstone house (sandstone towers image by David Woods from Fotolia.com)

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    Humans have been building with limestone for thousands of years. According to Alan Winston of Tour Egypt, Egyptians used limestone to build the core of the pyramids. Limestone is mostly made of calcite. Limestone is a porous rock that carves easily, making it ideal for building. The stone is often grey, off-white or cream in colour, but almost every colour of the stone exists.

    Limestone house (ancient,fortified bulding on limestone rocks image by Maria Brzostowska from Fotolia.com)

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    Slate consists of small grains of mica and quartz. Slate is an ideal stone for home building because it is weatherproof and can last many years. Slate is typically dark grey in colour, but can range from brown to green depending on the stone's origin.

    Slate house (old building in Liverpool image by green 308 from Fotolia.com)

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    Granite is commonly used on kitchen countertops as the stone is both scratch and heat resistant. However, granite is also ideal for building homes as well. Granite is one of the toughest and longest lasting stones available. It consists of quartz, alkali feldspar and plagioclase feldspar. Granite colours range from white to pink to light grey, but the addition of other minerals can add more colour dimensions, making each piece of granite unique.

    Granite house (demeure image by Anthony MAGIDS from Fotolia.com)

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