One of the most common creatures in any swampland is the frog. People who are near water are used to the chorus of hundreds of frogs in the spring. The frogs that live in the rainforest outdistance their American cousins, combining that song with bright colors and sometimes dangerous toxins. They are highly specialized for survival in this tropical habitat.
Frogs are amphibians. They have very small bodies, powerful back legs and suction-cup feet. These characteristics make them custom built for jumping long distances and living in trees. Their need for lots of moisture both through the air and through water means that they're also a natural match for the rainforest.
All rainforest frogs have some standard characteristics. These frogs are all very small, standing at approximately the same size as the small tree frogs of the United States. They are generally brightly colored, though that coloration varies wildly. Some of the frogs of the rainforest are poisonous, with a toxic film that covers their skin to give them added protection against would-be predators.
Rainforest frogs come in many shapes, colors and sizes, depending on their species and environment. Some of the more well-known types are the red-eyed tree frog, many different species of poison dart frogs and hylids. According to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, "there are more than 100 species of poison dart frogs, varying in color and pattern."
Rainforest frogs live in countries such as South and Central America, where there is rainforest and the moisture, protection and food that comes with it. The Australian rainforest houses hylids, laclids, great barred frogs, nursery frogs and ornate frogs. According to rainforest-australia.com, the highest diversity of hylids is found in the "wetter forests of Australia, New Guinea and most especially tropical South and Central America, where about two thirds of the species of this family occur." A number of different poison dart frog species inhabit the rainforests of Colombia. Red-eyed tree frogs live in the jungles of Mexico.
As the rainforest is destroyed through deforestation and pollution, frogs lose their natural habitat. This is causing even more trouble for a creature that already suffers from recent bouts of species-wide illnesses and deaths. Many types of frogs are now listed as endangered.
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