Health effects of carbonated water

Written by kathryn g | 13/05/2017
Health effects of carbonated water
Carbonated water contains carbon dioxide. (luftblasen im wasser image by Benjamin Haas from

Carbonated water is often referred to as fizzy water because of its gas bubble formations. It is also known as seltzer or sparkling water. Gas bubbles in carbonated water are created by adding carbon dioxide to plain water. Soft drinks use carbonated water as one of their major ingredients. Many health effects, both positive and detrimental, are associated with carbonated water .

Increases Risk of Esophageal Cancer

Health effects of carbonated water
Carbonated water causes burping, which may lead to esophageal cancer. (stomach image by Indigo Fish from

Carbonated water, or any other carbonated beverage, can cause burping. Burping sends stomach acid to the oesophagus, possibly forming cancerous lesions over time. While studies have not conclusively stated this risk as fact, people should take preventive measures and sip their drinks rather than gulp them to minimise risk of burping.

Causes Acid Reflux

Health effects of carbonated water
Carbonated water can promote acid reflux disease. (acid image by Charles Taylor from

Not only does carbonated water put someone at risk for esophageal cancer, it also makes them vulnerable to acid reflux disease. From excess consumption and burping caused by carbonated water, stomach acid may rise above the valve of the oesophagus. This acid dissolves tissue in the stomach, damaging the lower oesophagus.

Prevents Osteoporosis

Health effects of carbonated water
Carbonated water prevents calcium loss in bones that could lead to osteoporosis. (bones and bones image by JASON WINTER from

Carbonated water does not contain phosphoric acid, which strips bones of calcium and causes blood acidity. Carbonated water has one ingredient that soft drinks lack: bicarbonate. Bicarbonate minimises calcium loss from the bones. Since blood acidity is not excessive when consuming carbonated water due to bicarbonate, more calcium stays in the bones.

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